Every time we go out to the field or playground, there’s an inherent risk of sustaining some sort of a physical injury. Injuries happen across the board and in any category. Certainly, injuries are more common in full contact sports like football, soccer or boxing – but the fact remains that every sportsman will sustain an injury in their career.
Here are some of the most common injuries that can happen on the field or in the ring.
Sprains and damaged ligaments are one of the most common types of injuries in sportsmen – especially in fast-paced physical sports like running or football. They happen when the force exerted on the joint is beyond the ligaments’ capacity to handle.
They can vary in severity – from mild to severe. Severe sprains involve the complete tearing of the ligament from the bone, which causes extreme pain and swelling. In more extreme cases, it can cause an avulsion fracture which requires surgical reduction.
Repetitive strain injuries
Repetitive Strain Injuries involve any injuries that are sustained as a consequence of repetitive overexertion of a certain musculoskeletal region. The injurious can go by many names (runner’s knee, tennis elbow, golf elbow), usually involving an inflammation of the tendons and surrounding tissues from overuse. These involve tendinitis, tendinosis, and bursitis. In some cases, like carpal tunnel syndrome, several nerves, and nerve pathways can be affected.
If left untreated, repetitive strain injuries can cause severe pain and irreversible damage to the affected joint.
In full-contact sports, joint dislocations are a common occurrence. They happen when the force or trauma is sudden and overwhelming. Dislocation can happen in any joint – but most happen to the shoulders, toes, and fingers.
Quite unseemly and gruesome to look at, dislocations can cause can cause damage to the surrounding tissue. However, if the reduction is done properly, by a trained professional – full recovery is expected.
Bone fractures are one of the common – yet serious sports injuries which can end a sportsman’s career. Broken bones require lot more time to heal properly, and can involve irreversible nerve damage. There are many different types of fractures – many of which might require extended hospitalization (such as a rib fracture).
More often than not, bone fractures also involve surrounding tissue damage such as muscle and tendon rupturing, damage to the blood vessels, nerves and internal organs.
Fractures are treated either by open reduction (surgery) or closed reduction of the affected bone.
Concussions are also an integral part of any full-contact sport. They usually occur as a result of a fall or collision between players. Most of concussions are mild forms of traumatic brain injuries and are treated with rest. However, since concussions involve brain trauma – physicians take special care in treating this type of injury.
Besides mandatory rest – the sportsman is usually prohibited from participating in training and games for several weeks, as any subsequent head injury might result in severe brain trauma and death.
Hernias are quite common in weightlifters, even though they can appear in almost any sports discipline. For example, weightlifting-related spinal hernias can cause severe and relentless pain in the lower-back as well as a sense of tingling and numbness due to a compressed nerve.
Some hernias are treated with rest and physical therapy, while others might require surgical treatment.